Laura E. Bishop

Postdoctoral Researcher

Austrian Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence (OFAI), Intelligent Music Processing and Machine Learning Group, Vienna, Austria
laura.bishop [at] ofai.at

Research Interests

Joint action in music ensembles
Collaborative creativity in artistic performance
Performer-audience interaction during music performance
Musical imagery for musical features

My research investigates communication and coordination in music ensembles. Ensemble musicians strive for originality and spontaneity in their playing, but to maintain coordination, they are constrained by the need to remain predictable to each other. I am interested in how ensemble musicians achieve coordination, particularly in temporally ambiguous situations, when predicting others' intentions can be difficult (e.g. at the start of a piece, when playing notated music with a flexible tempo, or during improvisation). Some of the questions my research addresses include: how musicians' intentions and feedback from co-performers shape communicative behaviour; how accurately musicians interpret incoming visual signals; and how leader/follower roles emerge during interpersonal coordination and influence the way performers' intentions are aligned.

Read about my current FWF project "Coordination and Collaborative Creativity in Music Ensembles (CoCreate)" HERE
(24.12.2018) CoCreate was featured as 'Project of the Week' on the FWF scilog HERE
(18.04.2019) Articles about CoCreate appeared in Die Presse (Jan 2019) [pdf] and Der Standard (April 2019) [pdf]

Read about our FWF project "Synchronization and Communication in Music Ensembles" , which ran from 2012 - 2016 HERE

Curriculum Vitae

Positions

Postdoctoral Researcher, 2013 - present
Austrian Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence (OFAI), Vienna, Austria

Research Assistant, 2012 - 2013
MARCS Institute, Western Sydney University, Australia

Teaching Assistant, 2010 - 2012
Psychology Department, Western Sydney University, Australia

Teaching Assistant, 2007 - 2008
Psychology Department, University of Sheffield, UK

Research Assistant, 2007
Psychology Department, University at Buffalo, USA

Grants

Awarded funding (€336,876.75) for 2.5 year project by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), 2016
Project title: "Coordination and Collaborative Creativity in Music Ensembles"
Project supports Laura Bishop as PI (senior postdoctoral researcher) and a PhD student, and is a collaboration with Assoc. Prof. Werner Goebl, Dept. of Music Acoustics - Wiener Klangstil, University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna (National Research Partner)

Education

Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology, 2013
MARCS Institute, Western Sydney University, Australia

Supervisors: Dr. Freya Bailes, Prof. Roger Dean, Prof. Kate Stevens
Thesis: "The use of musical imagery and auditory feedback during expressive music performance: Exploring the effects of expertise"

Master of Science in Psychology, 2008
University of Sheffield, UK

Supervisor: Prof. Nicola Dibben
Thesis: "The inseparability of melody and rhythm during recall of well-known songs"

Bachelor of Science in Psychology (Honours), 2007
‚ÄčUniversity of Toronto, Canada

‚ÄčAssociate of the Royal Conservatory of Toronto (ARCT), Certification in Piano Performance, 2007
Royal Conservatory of Music, Toronto, Canada

Academic Activities

Reviewer for international scientific journals
The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Psychological Research, Psychological Bulletin & Review, Music Perception, Musicae Scientae, Psychology of Music, Psychomusicology, Journal of New Music Research, Frontiers in Psychology, PLOS ONE, Journal of Eye Movement Research, Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology, Auditory Perception & Cognition, Neuroscience, Brain Sciences, Sports, Challenges

Reviewer for international granting organizations
European Research Council (ERC), Brussels, Belgium

Reviewer for international conferences
International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition (ICMPC), the International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR), the International Conference of Students of Systematic Musicology (SysMus), the Vienna Talk on Music Acoustics

Conference Organization
• Session co-organizer for the Third Vienna Talk on Music Acoustics, hosted by the University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna (September 2015)
• Head of support team for the International Symposium on Performance Science (ISPS), hosted by the University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna (August 2013)

Invited Talks
• "Body gestures and gaze direction: Visual interaction during creative musical interaction", Austrian Society for Music and Medicine, University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna (May 2019)
• "Body gestures and visual monitoring during creative musical interaction", Research Seminars in Systematic Musicology, Center of Systematic Musicology, University of Graz, Austria (April 2019)
• "Mind-reading in music ensembles: Using nonverbal cues to predict others' behaviour", Platicás DeMentes talk series, Faculty of Psychology, National Autonomous University of Mexico (November 2016)
• "Mind-reading during music duet performance: Using nonverbal cues to predict others' actions", Austrian Society for Music and Medicine, University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna (May 2014)

Scholarships & Awards

Western Sydney University International Postgraduate Research Scholarship (2009-2012)
Musicological Society of Australia Student Travel Grant (2011)
SEMPRE Conference Award (2011)
USA Sheffield Scholarship (2007-2008)

Publications

Book Chapters

Bishop, L., & Goebl, W. (2017). Music and movement: Musical instruments and performers. In R. Ashley & R. Timmers (Eds.), The Routledge Companion to Music Cognition. New York: Routledge.

Bishop, L., & Goebl, W. (2017). Mind reading during ensemble performance: Communicating with nonverbal signals. In U. Hemetek & C. Szabo-Knótik (Eds.), Best of ISA Science: An Interdisciplinary Collection of Essays on Music and Arts. Vienna: Hollitzer.

Bailes, F., and Bishop, L. (2012). Musical imagery in the creative process. In D. Collins (Ed.), The Act of Musical Composition. Ashgate: SEMPRE Psychology of Music Series.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Bishop, L., Cancino-Chacón, C. E., and Goebl, W. (2019). Eye gaze as a means of giving and seeking information during musical interaction. Consciousness and Cognition, 68, 73-96. [pdf]

Bishop, L., & Goebl, W. (2018). Performers and an active audience: Movement in music production and perception. Jahrbuch Musikpsychologie, 28, 1-17. [pdf]

Bishop, L. (2018). Collaborative musical creativity: How ensembles coordinate spontaneity. Frontiers in Performance Science, 9, 1285. [pdf]

Bishop, L., & Goebl, W. (2018). Beating time: How ensemble musicians' cueing gestures communicate beat position and tempo. Psychology of Music, 46(1), 84-106. [pdf]

Bishop, L., & Goebl, W. (2017). Communication for coordination: Gesture kinematics affect coordination success in piano duos. Psychological Research. Online First. [pdf]

Bishop, L., & Goebl, W. (2015). When they listen and when they watch: Pianists' use of nonverbal audio and visual cues during duet performance. Musicae Scientiae, 19(1), 84-110. [pdf]

Cavedon, L., Kroos, C., Herath, D., Burnham, D., Bishop, L., Leung, Y., & Stevens, C. J. (2015). "C'mon dude!": Users adapt their behaviour to a robotic agent with an attention model. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 80, 14-23. [pdf]

Bishop, L., & Goebl, W. (2014). Context-specific effects of musical expertise on audiovisual integration. Frontiers in Cognitive Science, 5, 1123. [pdf]

Bishop, L., Bailes, F., & Dean, R. T. (2014). Performing musical dynamics: How crucial are musical imagery and auditory feedback for expert and novice musicians? Music Perception, 32(1), 51-66. [pdf]

Bishop, L., Bailes, F., & Dean, R. T. (2013). Musical expertise and the ability to imagine loudness. PLoS ONE, 8(2), e56052. [pdf]

Bishop, L., Bailes, F., & Dean, R. T. (2013). Musical imagery and the planning of dynamics and articulation during performance. Music Perception, 31(2), 97-116. [pdf]

Bailes, F., Bishop, L., Stevens, C. J., & Dean, R. T. (2012). Mental imagery for musical changes in loudness. Frontiers in Perception Science, 3(525). [pdf]

Selected Conference Presentations

Bishop, L., Cancino-Chacón, C.E., and Goebl, W. (2019). Body gestures and visual monitoring during creative musical interaction. Paper presented at the International Convention of Psychological Science, Paris, France.

Bishop, L., Cancino-Chacón, C.E., and Goebl, W. (2018). Eye contact between musicians indicates attention rather than intentions. Paper presented at the 15th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition, Graz, Austria.

Bishop, L. and Goebl, W. (2017). Mapping visual attention during duo performance of temporally-ambiguous music. Paper presented at the International Symposium for Performance Science, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Bishop, L. and Goebl, W. (2017). Coordinating piece onsets: How gesture kinematics affect cue clarity. Paper presented at the Society for Music Perception and Cognition Conference, San Diego, California, USA.

Cancino-Chacón, C. E., Bonev, M., Durand, A., Grachten, M., Arzt, A., Bishop, L., Goebl, W., & Widmer, G. (2017). The ACCompanion v0.1: An expressive accompaniment system. Paper presented at the Late-Breaking Demo Session of the 18th International Society for the Music Information Retrieval Conference, Suzhou, China.

Bishop, L. and Goebl, W. (2015). Enabling synchronization: Auditory and visual modes of communication during ensemble performance. Paper presented at the 3rd Vienna Talk on Music Acoustics, Vienna, Austria.

Bishop, L. and Goebl, W. (2015). Ready, set, go: Mapping the gestures used to cue entrances in duo performance. Paper presented at the 5th International Symposium on Performance Science, Kyoto, Japan.

Bishop, L. and Goebl, W. (2015). Pianists' use of nonverbal audio and visual cues during duet performance. Paper presented at the 9th Conference of the European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music, Manchester, UK.

Bishop, L. and Goebl, W. (2015). Nonverbal communication during ensemble performance: When and how musicians improve their own predictability. Paper presented at the 6th Joint Action Meeting, Budapest, Hungary.

Bishop, L. and Goebl, W. (2014). Effects of musical expertise on audiovisual integration: Instrument-specific or generalizable? Paper presented at the 13th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition, Seoul, South Korea.

Bishop, L., Bailes, F. and Dean, R.T. (2011). Musical expertise and the planning of expression during performance. Paper presented at the 2nd International Conference on Music and Emotion, Perth, Australia.